Purpose

This study will evaluate the treatment combination of pevonedistat and azacitidine in the setting of DNA methyltransferase inhibitor(s) failure in patients with relapsed/refractory myelodysplastic syndrome or myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative neoplasm.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Criteria


Inclusion:

- Signed and dated voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study
related procedure not part of standard medical care, with the understanding that
consent may be withdrawn by the patient at any time without prejudice to future
medical care.

- Male or female ≥ 18 years of age.

- Morphologically confirmed diagnosis of MDS or MDS/MPN in accordance with WHO
diagnostic criteria.

- ECOG performance status of 0, 1 or 2.

- Expected survival ≥ 3 months after consenting.

- Refractory/relapsed disease following DNMTi failure. Refractory disease defined as
either:

- failure to achieve an objective response after at least 4 cycles of DNMTi
therapy, or

- failure to achieve an objective response with clear progressive disease on bone
marrow biopsy after at least 2 cycles of DNMTi therapy. Relapsed disease is
defined as having progressive disease after achieving an objective response after
at least 2 cycles of DNMTi therapy.

Previous DNMTi therapy may include 5'azacitidine, decitabine, or DNMTi therapy currently in
clinical trials (e.g. SGI-110 (guadecitabine), ASTX727 or CC-486).To be considered DNMTi
treatment failure, during each prior treatment cycle, patients must have received
equivalent to minimum dosing of:

decitabine 15mg/m2 daily x 5 days, or

5'azacitidine 50mg/m2 IV/SC daily x 5 days,

SGI-110 (guadecitabine) 60mg/m2 SC daily x 5 days, or

oral DNMTi therapy with ASTX727 20/100mg daily x 5 days, or

oral DNMTi therapy with CC-486 200mg daily x 14 days

- Recovery to ≤ Grade 1 or baseline of any toxicity due to prior systemic treatments,
excluding alopecia.

- Patient consent to collection of fresh bone marrow biopsy and aspirate for exploratory
research obtained from a procedure performed no more than 28 days prior to initiating
treatment on Cycle 1, Day 1. Requirement for bone marrow biopsy may be waived with
approval of the study chair in the event that a bone marrow biopsy cannot be obtained.

- Clinical laboratory values as specified below:

- Serum albumin > 2.7 g/dL

- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN

- ALT and AST ≤ 2 x ULN

- Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min (per the Cockcroft-Gault formula)

- WBC ≤ 50,000/µL (use of hyroxyurea is permitted)

- Hgb <8g/dL should be transfused to provide adequate tissue perfusion as per the
discretion of the investigators and local practice. Rechecking Hgb level prior to
start on Cycle 1 Day 1 is not necessary as long as patients do not have inadequate
oxygenation, underlying cardiopulmonary compromise, and/or any other reason deemed
clinically significant to delay therapy per the investigator.

- Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test; and
additionally agree to simultaneously use at least 2 methods of effective contraception
or abstain from heterosexual intercourse from the time of signing consent, and until 4
months after patient's last dose of protocol-indicated treatment. Periodic abstinence
(e.g. calendar,ovulation, symptothermal, postovulation methods for the female partner)
and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.

Women of child bearing potential are defined as those not surgically sterile or not
post-menopausal. If a female patient has not had a bilateral tubal ligation, a bilateral
oophorectomy, or a complete hysterectomy; or has not been amenorrheic for at least 1 year
in the absence of an alternative medical cause, then patient will be considered a female of
childbearing potential. Postmenopausal status in females under 55 years of age should be
confirmed with a serum FSH level within laboratory reference range for postmenopausal
women.

- Men, even if surgically sterilized (i.e. status post-vasectomy), who are sexually active
with women of childbearing potential must agree to follow instructions for effective
barrier contraception from the time of signing consent and until 4 months after last dose
of protocol-indicated treatment. Periodic abstinence (e.g. calendar, ovulation,
symptothermal, postovulation methods for the female partner) and withdrawal are not
acceptable methods of contraception.

Exclusion:

- Diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (i.e. ≥ 20% peripheral or marrow blasts).

- Any HSCT within 6 months prior to signing informed consent.

- Any patient who is eligible for HSCT at the time of study screening.

- Clinically significant graft versus host disease (GVHD) or GVHD requiring initiation
of treatment or treatment escalation within 21 days, and/or > Grade 1 persistent or
clinically significant non-hematologic toxicity related to HSCT

- Any previous treatment with pevonedistat or other NEDD8 inhibitor.

- Treatment with any investigational products within 14 days before the first dose of
protocol-indicated treatment.

- Systemic antineoplastic therapy or radiotherapy within 14 days before the first dose
of any study drug.

- Major surgery requiring general anesthesia within 14 days before the first dose of any
study drug or a scheduled surgery during study period. (Placement of a central line or
port-a-catheter is acceptable within this time frame and does not exclude the
patient.)

- Treatment with clinically significant metabolic CYP3A inducers within 14 days before
the first dose of study drug. Clinically significant CYP3A inducers are not permitted
during the study.

- Prolonged QTc interval > 500 msec, calculated according to Fredericia's formula

- Known cardiopulmonary disease defined as having one or more of the following:

- Uncontrolled high blood pressure (i.e. systolic > 180 mmHg or diastolic > 95
mmHg);

- Symptomatic cardiomyopathy;

- Ischemic heart disease; Patients with acute coronary syndrome, myocardial
infarction, and/or revascularization (e.g. coronary artery bypass graft, stent)
within 6 months of first dose of study drug are excluded; Patients with a history
of ischemic heart disease who have had revascularization greater than 6 months
before screening and who are without cardiac symptoms may enroll;

- Arrhythmia (e.g. history of polymorphic ventricular fibrillation or torsade de
pointes). Patients with symptomatic atrial fibrillation (Afib) incompletely
controlled medically, or controlled by device (e.g. pacemaker) or by ablation in
the past 6 months are excluded. However, patients with stable, AFib for a period
of at least 6 months, whose Afib is controlled with medication, or who have a
history of paroxysmal AFib are permitted to enroll;

- Implantable cardioverter defibrillator;

- Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] Class III or IV; or
Class II with a recent decompensation requiring hospitalization or referral to a
heart failure clinic within 4 weeks before screening),

- Moderate to severe aortic and/or mitral stenosis or other valvulopathy (ongoing).
Mild regurgitation is not excluded;

- Pulmonary hypertension.

- Female patients who are both lactating and breastfeeding, who have a positive serum
pregnancy test during screening, or who plan to become pregnant while in the trial or
within 90 days after receiving protocol-directed treatment.

- Active uncontrolled infection. Patients with infection under active treatment and
controlled with antibiotics are not excluded.

- Known Childs class B or C hepatic cirrhosis or severe pre-existing hepatic impairment.

- Known hepatitis B surface antigen seropositivity or known or suspected active
hepatitis C infection. Note: Patients who have isolated positive hepatitis B core
antibody (i.e. in the setting of negative hepatitis B surface antigen and negative
hepatitis B surface antibody) must have an undetectable hepatitis B viral load.

- Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity.

- Any serious concurrent condition that could, in the investigator's opinion,
significantly interfere with completion of study procedures or protocol compliance.

- Female patients who intend to donate eggs (ova) during the course of this study or 4
months after receiving their last dose of study drug(s).

- Male patients who intend to donate sperm during the course of this study or 4 months
after receiving their last dose of study drug(s).

Study Design

Phase
Phase 2
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
N/A
Intervention Model
Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Pevonedistat and Azacitidine
Participants will receive Azacitidine (via an injection under the skin, or via an intravenous infusion (IV bag) on days 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 of each 28-day cycle. Participants will receive Pevonedistat (through a vein in the arm) on Days 1, 3 and 5 of each 28-day cycle.
  • Drug: Azacitidine Subcutaneous Injection or Intravenous Infusion
    75 mg/m2
  • Drug: Pevonedistat Infusion
    20 mg/m2
  • Procedure: Bone Marrow Biopsy & Aspirate
    Removal of a small piece of bone and bone marrow by inserting a needle into hip bone.

Recruiting Locations

University of Kansas Cancer Center
Westwood, Kansas 66205

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center

Study Contact

Vanderbilt-Ingram Service for Timely Access
800-811-8480
cip@vanderbilt.edu

Detailed Description

Primary Objective: To compare survival of patients treated with a combination of pevonedistat and azacitidine after failure of DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi) to historical survival for patients with relapsed/refractory myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or myelodysplastic/ myeloproliferative overlap syndromes (MDS/MPN) who are ineligible for hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) Secondary Objectives: - To determine the rate of hematologic improvement (HI) in patients with relapsed/refractory MDS or MDS/MPN treated with pevonedistat and azacitidine after DNMTi failure - To determine the complete remission (CR) and marrow CR rates in patients with relapsed/refractory MDS or MDS/MPN treated with pevonedistat and azacitidine after DNMTi failure - To determine the reduction of bone marrow blasts in patients with relapsed/refractory MDS or MDS/MPN treated with pevonedistat and azacitidine after DNMTi failure Exploratory Objectives: - To correlate the mutation burden in patients with relapsed/refractory MDS or MDS/MPN with response to treatment with pevonedistat and azacitidine - To correlate genomic aberrations with rate of response and survival in relapsed/refractory MDS or MDS/MPN patients treated with pevonedistat and azacitidine - To measure the effect of pevonedistat treatment in combination with azacitidine on quality of life in patients with relapsed/refractory MDS or MDS/MPN - To define epigenetic biomarkers for pevonedistat use in relapsed/refractory MDS or MDS/MPN

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.