Dapagliflozin In Alzheimer's Disease
This is a pilot randomized controlled trial in individuals with probable Alzheimer's disease testing the effects of 10 mg dapagliflozin, taken daily for 12 weeks, on cerebral n-acetyl aspartate (NAA) levels using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). The investigators will also examine the safety and tolerability of dapagliflozin and explore the effects on systemic NAA levels in blood and urine, cerebral metabolism (fluorodeoxyglucose [FDG] PET), systemic metabolic biomarkers that indicate and quantify secondary metabolic effects, and cognitive performance.
- Alzheimer Disease
- Eligible Ages
- Between 50 Years and 85 Years
- Eligible Genders
- Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Provision of informed consent prior to any study specific procedures.
- Have a diagnosis of probable AD per McKhann et al. criteria
- Have a body mass index (BMI) ≥23
- Age 50-85
- Have a Mini Mental Status Exam (MMSE) score of 15-26 (inclusive) at screening visit
- Have a reliable and competent study partner who is willing to accompany the participant to all study visits, monitor compliance of study medication administration, and observe/report any changes in the participant's health throughout the study duration
- Are on stable doses of concurrent medications for at least 4 weeks prior to the screening visit
- Speaks English as his/her primary language.
- Females of child-bearing potential (i.e., pre-menopausal) must have a negative urine pregnancy test at the screening visit and must agree to use of contraception throughout the trial and for 30 days after the last dose of study medication. The approved methods of contraception are abstinence, the consistent use of an approved oral contraceptive (birth control pill or "the pill"), an intrauterine device (IUD), hormonal implants, contraceptive injection, double barrier method (diaphragm with spermicidal gel or condom with contraceptive foam).
- Received an investigational product in another clinical study during the last 4 weeks prior to screening
- Diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes
- Diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes treated with insulin, sulfonylureas, glucagon like peptide1 receptor agonists (GLP-1), thiazolidinedione (TZD) or SGLT2 inhibitors (metformin monotherapy is allowed).
- Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR; MDRD) <45 mL/min at screening or unstable renal disease.
- Any condition when MRI is contraindicated such as, but not limited to, having a pacemaker or claustrophobia.
- Severe hepatic injury and/or significant abnormal liver function defined as aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >3x upper limit of normal (ULN) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) >3x ULN. Total bilirubin >2.0 mg/dL (34.2 μmol/L)
- Intolerance or allergy to dapaglifozin or any other SGLT2 inhibitor or any other substance in the tablets.
- Dementia due to causes other than AD
- History of recurrent urinary tract infection
- Active mycotic genital infection
- History of bladder cancer
- History of diabetic ketoacidosis
- Potentially confounding, serious, or unstable medical conditions such as:
- cancer within the past 3 years (except basal cell, squamous cell, or localized prostate cancer)
- a recent cardiac event (i.e. heart attack, angioplasty, etc. within the 3 months prior to screening visit)
- other conditions that pose a potential safety risk or confounding factor in the investigator's opinion
- Any abnormal physical examination assessment or vital sign assessment at the screening visit that is deemed to be clinically significant by the principal investigator.
- Any abnormal clinical laboratory test result at the screening visit that is deemed to be clinically significant by the principal investigator.
- Phase 1/Phase 2
- Study Type
- Intervention Model
- Parallel Assignment
- Primary Purpose
- Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
|10 mg dapagliflozin oral tablet taken once daily for 12 weeks||
|Placebo oral tablet taken once daily for 12 weeks||
- Jeff Burns, MD
Study ContactErin Schwartz
This is a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel group, 12-week study performed at a single site (University of Kansas Alzheimer's Disease Center) to investigate the effect of dapagliflozin in participants with probable AD (MMSE 15-26 inclusive). A total of 48 participants will be enrolled with 2:1 randomization to 10mg dapagliflozin once daily (n=32) for 12 weeks vs matching placebo (n=16).
The primary objective of the study is to assess the effect of 12 weeks of 10mg dapagliflozin once daily on cerebral NAA (a proxy measure of mitochondrial mass) in participants with AD.
Procedures will include phlebotomy, urine collection, MRI/MRS, FDG-PET, cognitive testing, DEXA scanning, and indirect calorimetry at baseline and 12 weeks to assess these outcomes:
- N Acetyl-Aspartate (NAA): Cerebral NAA (as measured by MRS) and Systemic NAA levels (in blood and urine)
- Cerebral metabolism (by FDG PET)
- Systemic metabolic effects: Lipids (total cholesterol, LDL, HDL), Plasma beta-hydroxybutyrate, Insulin resistance (Hemoglobin A1c, glucose and insulin during tolerance testing), Catabolic/Anabolic state [activated AKT and MTOR], Mitochondrial function measures [platelet cytochrome oxidase and citrate synthase], Inflammatory mechanisms [MCP-1, eotaxin, TNF alpha, CRP], Body composition (DEXA scanning for fat and lean mass), Resting metabolic rate (indirect calorimetry),
- Cognitive effects will be assessed at baseline and week 12 using the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale 14 (ADAS-Cog14) and individual tests of Logical Memory I and II, Trailmaking A and B, and Stroop Word Color Test.
- 12 participants will be enrolled in an optional MRI/MRS sub-study with repeat MRI/MRS prior to randomization to assess scan-rescan reliability of the NAA measure.
Safety and tolerability of dapagliflozin (10mg daily) will be monitored throughout the study and formally at every study visit to assess the incidence and severity of AEs and the rate of discontinuations due to AEs. Safety assessments will include measuring vital signs and body weight, safety labs (including a comprehensive metabolic panel [CMP] and complete blood count [CBC] with differential) and physical and neurological examinations at screening and at end of treatment (EOT).