Phase II Study of Bendamustine and Rituximab Plus Venetoclax in Untreated Mantle Cell Lymphoma Over 60 Years of Age
Eligible untreated patients will receive single arm venetoclax, bendamustine and rituximab as induction therapy. After 6 cycles, maintenance rituximab may be administered per physician discretion. Venetoclax is an oral Bcl-2 family protein inhibitor. It targets the B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) protein, which supports cancer cell growth and is overexpressed in many patients with mantle cell lymphoma. Venetoclax may make the cancer cells sensitive to chemotherapy. This may help to slow down the growth of cancer or may cause cancer cells to die. The purpose of this study is to see if venetoclax in combination with bendamustine and rituximab chemotherapy is effective in treating people who have mantle cell lymphoma and to examine the side effects, good and bad, associated with this combination.
- Mantle Cell Lymphoma
- Eligible Ages
- Over 60 Years
- Eligible Genders
- Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Patients must have histologically confirmed (biopsy-proven) diagnosis of mantle cell
lymphoma (MCL), with documented cyclin D1 (BCL1) expression by immunohistochemical
stains and/or t(11;14) by cytogenetics or FISH.
- Patients must have measurable or evaluable disease as defined as a lymph node
measuring >1.5 cm in any dimension or splenomegaly with spleen >15 cm in craniocaudal
- Age ≥ 60 years.
- No intention to undergo consolidation with high dose chemotherapy and autologous stem
cell rescue (Autologous Stem Cell Transplant) in first remission.
- ECOG performance status of 0-2.
- Ability to understand and willingness to sign Institutional Review Board
(IRB)-approved informed consent.
- Willing to provide mandatory tissue samples (if sufficient tissue available), bone
marrow and blood samples for research purposes.
- Adequate organ function as measured by the following criteria, obtained ≤ 2 weeks
prior to registration:
- Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1000/mm³
- Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL
- Platelets ˃75,000/mm³
- Creatinine clearance ≥ 40 mL/min, calculated with the use of 24-hour creatinine
clearance or by Cockcroft-Gault formula
- Total Bilirubin ≤ 1.5x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) or ≤ 3x ULN for patients with
documented Gilbert's syndrome
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/ alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5x ULN
- All females of childbearing potential (not surgically sterilized and between menarche
and 1 year post menopause) must have a blood test to rule out pregnancy within 2 weeks
prior to registration.
- Women must not be pregnant or breastfeeding. Females of childbearing potential who are
sexually active with a non-sterilized male partner and sexually active men must agree
to use 2 methods of adequate contraception (hormonal plus barrier or 2 barrier forms)
prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 12 months after
last dose of therapy. Method of contraception must be documented.
- Patients should not have prior chemotherapy, radiotherapy or immunotherapy for
- Patients must have no recent (<1 year) history of malignancy except for the following:
- adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer
- adequately treated Stage I melanoma of the skin
- in situ cervical cancer
- low grade prostate adenocarcinoma (Gleason grade ≤ 6) managed with observation
and stable for 6 months.
- Patients should not have known evidence of central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma.
- Patients must not have received a prior allogeneic stem cell transplant or solid organ
transplant (except for cornea) for any indication.
- Patients must have no active, uncontrolled infections.
- Patients must not have active hepatitis B or be chronic carriers of hepatitis B. This
is defined as patients with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive. Patients
with prior exposure to hepatitis B (hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) positive AND
HBsAg negative) are allowed with a protective level hepatitis B surface antibody AND a
negative hepatitis B viral load by polymerase-chain reaction (PCR).
- Patients must not have active hepatitis C (HCV) as defined by a hepatitis C viral load
detectable by PCR. Patients with a negative HCV antibody are assumed to have a
negative HCV viral load. Patients with a positive HCV antibody must have a negative
hepatitis C viral load by PCR. Prior treatment for an active HCV infection will be
allowed as long as the hepatitis C viral load by PCR is negative.
- Patients must not have known active Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Testing not
required in absence of clinical suspicion.
- Patients must not have evidence of significant, uncontrolled concomitant diseases,
including psychiatric diseases, that could affect compliance with the protocol or
interpretation of results or that could increase risk to the patient.
- Patients must not have conditions that preclude oral administration or absorption of
medications through the GI tract, including but not limited to the inability to
swallow pills or malabsorption syndromes.
- Patients must not have known allergies to both xanthine oxidase inhibitors and
- Patients must not require the use of warfarin. Blood thinners of other classes are
- Patient may not receive the following agents within 7 days prior to the first dose of
- Strong and moderate CYP3A inhibitors
- Strong and moderate CYP3A inducers
- Strong and moderate P-gp inhibitors
- Patients must not have consumed grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges
(including marmalade containing Seville oranges), or star fruit within 3 days prior to
the first dose of venetoclax.
- Phase 2
- Study Type
- Intervention Model
- Single Group Assignment
- Intervention Model Description
- Open-Label, Single-Arm Study, Cycle 1 Dose Escalation
- Primary Purpose
- None (Open Label)
|Venetoclax, bendamustine and rituximab as induction therapy for 6 cycles of 28 days.||
- PrECOG, LLC.
Study ContactCarolyn Andrews, RN
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a subtype of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) which is considered incurable with conventional therapy. With an incidence of approximately 70,000 cases diagnosed in the United States (US) per year, the disease is rare.
This is an open-label phase II study of venetoclax in combination with bendamustine and rituximab. Patients will receive induction therapy with venetoclax, bendamustine and rituximab for six cycles (1 cycle = 28 days). There will be an interim analysis after 19 patients are enrolled to evaluate for tumor lysis syndrome (TLS). TLS is caused by the fast breakdown of cancer cells which can lead to electrolyte and kidney problems.
Tumor assessments will be performed after Cycle 3-4 and at end of induction therapy.
Mandatory pre-treatment tumor tissue sample (i.e., obtained in the course of standard biopsy or surgery) will be required for research (if sufficient tissue is available).
Mandatory bone marrow aspirate (obtained in the course of standard biopsy) and peripheral blood sample will be collected at the end of treatment for Minimal Residual Disease (MRD). MRD measures the disease remaining after treatment. Optional peripheral blood samples will also be collected for future research.