This is a pivotal Phase 2/3, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of epetraborole + OBR (Optimized Background Regimen) versus placebo + OBR in patients with treatment-refractory MAC lung disease. This study will enroll adult patients with treatment-refractory MAC lung disease who meet all eligibility criteria (including clinical, radiographic, and microbiological criteria).



Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Male or female patients who are 18 years of age or older. 2. Willing and able to provide written informed consent. 3. Patients with a diagnosis of treatment-refractory MAC lung disease consisting of all of the following (a) Microbiological, (b) Clinical, and (c) Radiographic criteria: 1. Microbiological criteria: - One Pre-Study MAC-positive respiratory specimen. Documentation of a MAC positive specimen collected per standard of care within 6 months prior to signing the informed consent form (ICF). - One Screening MAC-positive expectorated or induced sputum sample. 2. Clinical criteria: At least 2 of the following patient-reported clinical symptoms: - Cough with sputum production - Cough without sputum - Chest congestion - Hemoptysis - Dyspnea - Fatigue - Night sweats or unusual sweating 3. Radiographic criteria: Non contrast Chest CT scan within 6 months prior to signing the ICF with abnormalities consistent with MAC lung disease. 4. OBR criteria: An OBR is a combination regimen that consists of ≥2 antimycobacterial agents. The patient-specific OBR must be administered for a minimum duration of 6 consecutive months that is either ongoing at the time of Screening or was stopped or paused no more than 12 months before screening. The OBR regimen administered during Screening must be continued after randomization. 4. Patients who are willing to comply with all the study activities and procedures throughout the duration of the study and comply with all planned study visits and study procedures from Screening through the LFU Visit. 5. All patients must agree to use an effective method of birth control. 6. Patients expected to survive with continued antimycobacterial therapy and appropriate supportive care from Screening through the LFU Visit, in the judgment of the Investigator.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Patients with a presence of any suspected or confirmed disease or condition at Screening or the time of randomization that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may confound the assessment of symptom-based clinical response. 2. Patients with active pulmonary malignancy or any malignancy that required or would require chemotherapy or radiation therapy within 1 year prior to randomization through the LFU Visit. 3. Patients with creatinine clearance (CrCl) of ≤30 mL/min, as estimated by the Cockcroft Gault formula, at Screening. 4. Patients with hemoglobin <10.0 g/dL or <6.2 mmol/L at Screening; donation of blood or plasma within 28 days prior to randomization; or symptomatic loss of blood or hemorrhage within 28 days prior to randomization. 5. Patients with severe hemoptysis within 28 days prior to randomization, defined as >100 mL over any 24-hour period or severe or extremely severe hemoptysis. 6. Patients with severe hepatic impairment, as evidenced by alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >3 × upper limit of normal (ULN) or total bilirubin >2 × ULN, or clinical signs of cirrhosis or end-stage hepatic disease. 7. Patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding. 8. Patients with a mean QT interval corrected using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) >480 msec based on triplicate 12-lead ECGs at Screening. 9. Patients with an immunodeficiency or an immunocompromised condition and risk for an opportunistic pulmonary infection. 10. Patients with an anticipated start of new non-study antimycobacterial therapy to be administered at any time between Screening and Month 6. 11. Patients who have received any investigational medication during the 30 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, prior to randomization. 12. Patients with any prior exposure to epetraborole. 13. Patients with any condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, interferes with the ability to safely complete the study or adhere to study requirements, including the patient's inability or unwillingness to comply with all study assessments and visits.

Study Design

Phase 2/Phase 3
Study Type
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Masking Description

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
epetraborole + OBR
epetraborole + Optimized Background Regimen
  • Drug: Epetraborole
    500 mg taken orally QD
    Other names:
    • AN2-501971
Placebo Comparator
placebo + OBR
Placebo + Optimized Background Regimen
  • Drug: Placebo
    Placebo taken orally QD

More Details

Active, not recruiting
AN2 Therapeutics, Inc

Study Contact

Detailed Description

In the Phase 2 part of the study, approximately 80 patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio (40 patients receiving active epetraborole tablets and 40 patients receiving matching placebo tablets). The Phase 2 part of the study includes a blinded psychometric analysis plan to assess the psychometric properties of a novel PRO instrument. In addition, symptom-based clinical responses will be assessed using blinded data, to inform the measurement of clinical response in the Phase 3 part of the study. The Phase 3 part of the study will test the superiority of epetraborole + OBR compared to placebo + OBR. In this part of the study, approximately 234 patients are planned to be randomized in a 2:1 ratio (156 patients receiving active epetraborole tablets and 78 patients receiving matching placebo tablets). The current symptom-based clinical response definition (using the novel PRO) in Phase 3 is a placeholder to be verified after Phase 2 analyses based on data through Month 6. In addition, the Sponsor will determine if the sample size for Phase 3 should be adjusted and will verify the Phase 3 epetraborole dosage regimen based on the observed plasma epetraborole exposure. Phase 3 data analyses will include a review of patient-reported outcomes, microbiological, safety, and PK data collected at multiple time points through Month 6. Patients in Phase 3 will continue double-blinded study drug for 12 months after the first negative MAC culture that defines sputum culture conversion; study drug will be discontinued in patients who remain MAC culture positive despite 6 months of therapy with study drug.


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.